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About Nepal
Nepal, situated between China and India is an important part of south Asia. The long-standing constitutional monarchy in the country was ended in June 2008. It was in June 2008 when King Gyanendra stepped down. The following month the country’s first president was chosen by the parliament.
Nepal is a famous tourist center. Most locals reside in the central region around Kahmandu Valley and the southern plain of Terai. The country is famous for its pristine beauty and is home to one of the most famous mountain range in the world. Named after British surveyor Sir George Everest, Mt. Everest is the highest peak at 29, 035 feet.
Sherpas make their living out of tourism and mountaineering. Tourists are happy to get a glimpse of Sherpa culture.
Nepal is popularly known as the Land of Everest. It is the only Hindu country in the world. Ancient temples, walking trails and beautiful monuments adorn the country. Although the GDP is not very high but the country is steeped in rich heritage and nature’s bliss and bounty.

People of Nepal
There are a lot of varying ethnic groups and castes in Nepal. It is estimated that there are about 103 different ethnic groups. The diversity has resulted over years of intermingling between two main groups – Mongolians of the north and Indo-Aryans of south and west regions. The main religion is Hinduism. Some people also follow Buddhism.
From east to west there are three main culture zones – High Himalayas, middle hills and Terai.
Each group has its own unique way of living. With varying lifestyle and different farming practices these groups are an example of unity in diversity. Experts say that a total of somewhere between 24 and100 different languages are spoken between these cultural groups. Nepalese is the unifying language between all these dialects.

English is widely spoken in most parts of Nepal, especially in Kathmadu Valley and Pokhara. But it is always good if you know a few basic words of Nepalese. You could also pick up the language while travelling in the country. The language is quite close to Hindi. The easiest word to pick up is Namaste. It is a form of greeting, or a way to say ‘see you soon’ that should be done with your hands folded together in prayer like position.
Nepalese is the national language, but there are many dialects and other languages spoken in different parts. The Newars of the Kathmandu Valley speak Newari. In Terai region Hindi and Maithali is commonly spoken.

Nepalese Culture
Myriad cultures, varying ethnic groups and isolating geography has made Nepal a unique amalgamation. One cannot generalize the culture or people of the country. One of the most dominating cultural concepts of the country is caste system. It is strictly followed in the society. A person’s caste determines their hierarchy and status in the society. Joint family culture is still popular where the entire family stays together. In certain villages extended families make up the entire village itself.

  • Prayers and rituals are an important part of the culture. People have been following traditions and customs since ages and still do. Hindus in Nepal believe in rebirth. Each morning Nepalese women are seen carrying a copper plate with various idols of goddesses. They take part in a puja without having breakfast. The puja plate may also have flowers, fruit, rice kheer and other sweets as offering to lord.
  • The younger generation is highly influenced by western culture. The traditional families have dislocated because men have to seek work in Kathmandu, Pokhara or even India.
  • Arranged marriage is the most common practice in the society. It is generally seen that both the bride and the groom are from the same caste or ethnic group. But nowadays there have been an increasing number of love marriages as well. Child marriage is illegal in Nepal. Nepalese women consider it unlucky to be childless. Having a son is considered to be a big achievement.
  • The rich ancient culture of Nepal is the highlight. The three cities – Valley Patan, Kathmandu, Bhaktapur are the perfect amalgamation of traditional hues and modernity. The beautiful monuments across various cities are a must visit. With Valley Patan there are seven monuments

Getting a visa for Nepal is not at all troublesome. Visas are easily issued to people from all across the world at Nepal Embassies or Consulates. One can also obtain visa while entering Nepal at the immigration office. You’d need a valid passport and 2 passport size photographs. The fee chart is given below.
Indian nationals do not require visa to enter Nepal.
One can also obtain tourist visa from the immigration offices mentioned below –

  • Tribhuvan International Airport, Kathmandu
  • Kakarvitta, Jhapa (Eastern Nepal)
  • Birganj, Parsa (Central Nepal)
  • Kodari, Sindhupalchowk (Northern Border)
  • Belhiya, Bhairahawa (Rupandehi, Western Nepal)
  • Jamuna, Nepalgunj (Banke, Mid Western Nepal)
  • Mohana, Dhangadhi (Kailali, Far Western Nepal)
  • Gaddachauki, Mahendranagar (Kanchanpur, Far Western Nepal)

Tourist Visa

 Visa Facility Duration Fee
Multiple entry 15 days US$ 25 or equivalent convertible currency
Multiple entry 30 days US$ 40 or equivalent convertible currency
Multiple entry 90 days US$ 100 or equivalent convertible currency

Tourist Visa Extension
Visa extension fee for 15 days or less is US $ 30 or equivalent convertible currency and visa extension fee for more than 15 days is US$ 2 per day
Tourist visa can be extended for a maximum period of 150 days in a single visa year (January – December).

Gratis visa for 30 days is available only for tourists of SAARC countries.